Keestra’s (2017) academic essay Metacognition and Reflection by Interdisciplinary Experts should be a must-read, but its content is relatively inaccessible.
The French Philosopher Paul Ricoeur examines a few important issues in his thoughtful essay regarding our everyday use of the terms, speech, language, understanding, explanation, and interpretation. This essay brings a good understanding of a text in qualitative research. In most cases in textual analysis, there is the use of texts as data for description and interpretation. Most of the textual materials are written texts of oral speaking like interviews or observations. In understanding what has been said and observed, we use text to provide evidence of people’s thinking, acting or beliefs among others.
Descartes is considered by many as the most influential thinker of the early modern era. He came up with the aspect of accepting as true only what is indubitable in order to analyse the external world and ‘the existence of God‘, famously exemplified in his Meditations on First Philosophy.